Sunday, August 5, 2012

Okhaldhunga & sunuwar

Okhaldhunga District(Nepali: ओखलढुङ्गा जिल्लाAbout this sound Listen, a part of Sagarmatha Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Okhaldhunga as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,074.5 km² and has a population (2001) of 156,702. Okhaldhunga is part of area traditionally called Wallo Kirat(near Kirat),home to indigenous ethnic groups Rai and Sunuwar. Apart from these indigenous ethnic groups,other ethnics and hill castes live in the district.
                 Sunuwar or Sunwar (Nepali name; autonym: Kõits) are one of the indigenous peoples of Nepal and some areas in India. The tribe is influenced by Hinduism. They speak the Sunuwar language. According to the 2001 census, 79.50% of the Sunuwar are Hindu, while 17.4% were Kirant.[1]
The Kiranti-Kõits are one of the Mongoloid tribes (anthropologically: Mongoloid stock) who number 95,254. The term ‘Kõits’ is also the name of the mother tongue. Other terms like Mukhiya or Mukhia are exonyms of the tribe. There is another common teasing name (mainly given by outsiders) of the tribe coined from the Sunuwar language itself, e.g. Maaraapaache (lexically maar ‘what’ and patsaa ‘to do’, from when the speakers ask themselves maar patsaa? at the time of trouble). Sunuwars have their distinct language, religion, culture and social customs.
They inhabit the eastern hills of Nepal. They are autochthonous to the Molung Khola, Likhu Khola and Khimti Khola (‘Khola’ Indo-Aryan Nepali etymon ‘rivulet’). By administrative division, they dwell in OkhaldhungaRamechhap and Dolakha districts of Nepal, politically known as Wallo (‘Near/Hither’) Kirant (in the past and also in use among the Kirantis at present) after the fall of the Kirant dynasty (ruling for about 1903 years and 8 months) at the ancient Nepal valley. Wallo Kirant in the past was their Kipat or communal land. Their migration (mainly to the east) later took place in several parts of the country in Jhapa, Ilam, Panchthar, Taplejung, Terathum, Sunsari, Sindhuli and other districts and abroad in DarjeelingSikkimDehradunBhutan and Hong Kong.   Khiji Chandeshwori is a village development committee in Okhaldhunga District in theSagarmatha Zone of mid-eastern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3001 living in 590 individual households.[1]
{Khiji or Khijee and Khichee is same tone. Is Sunuwar or Koich language,, Khi=House, Ji(Chee/Jee)= behind (is mean Behind The House)} The Village: Khijee Chandeswory Village Development Committee (VDC) is situated in Eastern Development Region of the country. The district is Okhaldhunga and the zone is Sagarmatha. The VDC covers around 35 square kilometers with around 4000 villagers. The village has one secondary school. The Villagers: Around 83% out of around 4000 villagers are from indigenous group of people. Their caste is called SUNUWAR (Kirat). They have their own traditions, cultures, language and customs etc. The rest are NEWAR (also indigenous), DAMAI (socially discriminated people, so called small caste), KAMI (socially discriminated people, so called small caste), Bhujel, Newar, SHERPA (also indigenous people). The Occupation: Around 95% of villagers are depended on agriculture. The have little peace of land where they cultivate crops in a traditional way. The agriculture products last for only 6-8 months and the rest of the year they just live with half stomach. The Education: Education is light of life. In Khijee Chandeswory Village Development Committee, there is no even a university. After the completion of lower secondary and hight secondary education the students need to walk at least 90 minutes to reach the 10+2 which are situated in other Villages. There are very few students who have the luck to see the college and university. They can be count on fingers. Developmental Activities: The district headquarter is situated around 35 kilometers far from the village. All most all local development administrations are situated in the headquarter of the district. Being an uneducated people there are no one to support for the development of the village. There is no any infrastructural development in the village except a health post and a lower secondary school. It takes around 18 hours to reach the close road transportation from the village. Many people even just day dream about motor-bus and aero-planes. They did not see the real motor buses and aero planes in their life. There is no electricity so the villagers have to depend on wood fuel. There is no safe drinking water and irrigation for agriculture. There is no any scientific cultivation system. People just follow traditional agriculture system and depend on rainfall for cultivation.All the above mentioned truths are the true-story of Khijee Chandeswory Village. Video clips about the place. The new route of Everes BC Edit By Mr.Durga Sunuwar


  1. ^ "Nepal Census 2001"Nepal's Village Development Committees (Digital Himalaya), retrieved 15 November 2009.

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